Influence of Family Structure Family intactness is one of the greatest positive influences 1 on high school graduation rates. Only the fraction of the adult population that has graduated from high school surpasses family intactness in its degree of influence. The former is presumably a strong effect of inter-generational behavior modeling and may as well indicate norms-setting. These influences remain and continue to be precisely determinable when earnings controls are added.
Sara McLanahan Summer Children of single-parent families suffer measurable harm. But the problems of the family are far more complex than the popular debate often suggests. PinIt Instapaper Pocket Email Print Inwhen Dan Quayle condemned the television character Murphy Brown for giving birth out of wedlock, he reopened an old debate that quickly became highly polarized.
Some people claimed that growing up in a fatherless home was the major cause of child poverty, delinquency, and school failure, while others denied that single motherhood had any harmful effects.
And some objected even to discussing the topic for fear of stigmatizing single mothers and their children. Not talking about single motherhood is scarcely an option. More than half of the children born in will spend some or all of their childhood with only one parent, typically their mother.
If current patterns hold, they will likely experience higher rates of poverty, school failure, and other problems as they grow up. The long-range consequences could have enormous implications.
But what exactly are the consequences -- how large and concentrated among what groups?
Do they depend on whether a single mother is widowed, divorced, or never married? Does public support for single mothers inadvertently increase the number of women who get divorced or choose to have a baby on their own? Many people hold strong opinions about these issues.
For example, conservatives such as former Education Secretary William Bennett and Charles Murray, the author of Losing Ground, believe that single motherhood is so harmful and public support is so significant an inducement for unwed women to have babies that it is time to get tough with the mothers.
Murray has even proposed denying unwed mothers child support payments from nonresident fathers. In Murray's eyes, the mothers are fully responsible for any children they bear in an age when contraceptives and abortion are freely available.
Of the father Murray says: As far as I can tell, he has approximately the same causal responsibility as a slice of chocolate cake has in determining whether a woman gains weight.
Meanwhile, some liberal critics see single mother as a codeword for "black, welfare mother. And then there are the feminists who regard Quayle's attack on Murphy Brown as a symbolic attack on the moral right of women to pursue careers and raise children on their own.
So great are the passions aroused by the debate over the morality of single motherhood that a clear-eyed view of the consequences of single motherhood has been difficult.
But to make any progress, we had best know what those are. Does Single Motherhood Harm Children? Children who grow up with only one of their biological parents nearly always the mother are disadvantaged across a broad array of outcomes. As shown in figure 1they are twice as likely to drop out of high school, 2.
Children in one-parent families also have lower grade point averages, lower college aspirations, and poorer attendance records. As adults, they have higher rates of divorce.Being a single parent is a very tough and challenging task and one often worries about the effects of single parenting on your child.
Single parenting can sometimes create negative effects on the person’s personality.
Young people raised in one-parent homes complete fewer years of schooling and are less likely to receive a B. A. degree The percentage of children living in single-parent families in the United States has increased markedly over the past 50 years. Now new research published in Education Next shows.
Students who grow up in single-parent homes complete fewer years of education and are less likely to earn a college degree, a new report finds. A single parent refers to a parent who has one or more than one child and who is not living with the children’s other parent.
Varied research shows that children in single-parent homes fare worse than those with two parents. Consequently, the dropout rate for the average white child in a single-parent family is substantially higher than the dropout rate of the average black child in a two-parent family and only two percentage points lower than the dropout rate of the average black child in a one-parent family.
study distinguishes single-parent families by the causes of single parenthood (i.e., whether through the death of a parent or marital disruption) and also by sex of single parents (i.e., whether it is the father or the mother who is absent).