So it seems necessary to study the role of nurses and highlight the need for appropriate information technology educational programs to integrate with the ever-increasing pace of technology. A review accompanied by an extensive literature search in databases and a library search focused on the keywords were used. The criteria used for selecting studies primarily focused on nursing informatics and the importance of expertise in the effective use of information technology in all aspects of the nursing profession.
By leveraging the use of XML, the HL7 Reference Information Models RIMsand coded vocabularies, the CDA makes documents both machine-readable so they are easily parsed and processed electronically and human-readable so they can be easily retrieved and used by the people who need them.
HL7's primary goal for Version 3 is to offer a standard that is definite and testable and provides the ability to certify vendor conformance.
Resource Source HL7 Standards: EHR Profiles These standards provide functional models and profiles that enable the constructs for management of electronic health records.
The function list is described from a user perspective with the intent to enable consistent expression of system functionality. Through the creation of functional profiles, this model enables a standardized description and common understanding of functions sought or available in a given setting i.
The scope has been limited to those knowledge bases that can be represented as a set of discrete modules. By leveraging the use of XML, HL7 Reference Information Models RIMsand coded vocabularies, the CDA makes documents both machine-readable so they are easily parsed and processed electronically and human-readable so they can be easily retrieved and used by the people who need them.
HL7's primary goal for Version 3 is to offer a standard that is definite and testable and provides the ability to certify vendors' conformance. HL7 HL7 Version 2.
HL7 IEEE Point of Care Medical Device Communication A family of medical device communications standards which allows hospitals and other healthcare providers to achieve plug-and-play interoperability between medical instrumentation and computerized healthcare information systems, especially in a manner that is compatible with the acute care environment.
Vocabulary, Terminology, and Classification Systems Systems that facilitate the organization, storage, and retrieval of healthcare data. Standards Development Organizations Private or government organizations involved in the development of healthcare informatics standards at a national or international level.
ASTM European Committee for Standardization CEN CEN contributes to the objectives of the European Union and European Economic Area with voluntary technical standards that promote free trade, the safety of workers and consumers, interoperability of networks, environmental protection, exploitation of research and development programs, and public procurement.
CEN Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute CLSI A global nonprofit standards development organization that promotes the development and use of voluntary consensus standards and guidelines within the healthcare community.
Its core business is the development of globally applicable voluntary consensus documents for healthcare testing. CLSI Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium CDISC CDISC is an open, multidisciplinary nonprofit organization that has established worldwide industry standards to support the electronic acquisition, exchange, submission and archiving of clinical trials data and metadata for medical and biopharmaceutical product development.
As an ANSI-accredited organization, its primary function is to facilitate electronic communications by developing standards for information exchange among healthcare trading partners.
HL7 Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers IEEE A national organization that develops standards for hospital system interface transactions, including links between critical care bedside instruments and clinical information systems.
International Organization for Standardization ISO ISO is a nongovernmental organization and network of national standards institutes from countries.
NISO standards address areas of retrieval, re-purposing, storage, metadata, and preservation. AHIMA's 67, members are dedicated to the effective management of personal health information needed to deliver quality healthcare to the public. Founded in to improve the quality of medical records, AHIMA is committed to advancing the HIM profession in an increasingly electronic and global environment through leadership in advocacy, education, certification, and lifelong learning.
It oversees the creation, promulgation and use of thousands of norms and guidelines that directly affect businesses in nearly every sector. ANSI is also actively engaged in accrediting programs that assess conformance to standards including globally recognized cross-sector programs such as the ISO quality and ISO environmental management systems.
ANSI Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society HIMSS A membership organization exclusively focused on providing global leadership for the optimal use of healthcare information technology and management systems for the betterment of healthcare.
Data Standards Initiatives and Resources Resource Source National e-Health Collaborative NeHC A federally chartered commission that provides input and recommendations to HHS on how to make health records digital and interoperable and ensure that the privacy and security of those records are protected in a smooth, market-led way.
The mission of the National e-Health Collaborative NeHC is to help address barriers that could thwart the nation's progress toward interoperability. Its goal is to empower the healthcare and public health communities with health information technology standards to improve individual and community health.
NIST National Resource for Global Standards A search engine that provides users with standards-related information from a wide range of developers, including organizations accredited by the American National Standards Institute ANSIother US private sector standards bodies, government agencies, and international organizations.
NSSN Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology ONC ONC is the principal federal entity charged with coordination of nationwide efforts to implement and use the most advanced health information technology and the electronic exchange of health information.
The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology provides leadership for the development and nationwide implementation of an interoperable health information technology infrastructure to improve the quality and efficiency of healthcare and the ability of consumers to manage their care and safety.
PHIN is a national initiative to implement a multi-organizational business and technical architecture for public health information systems. The NTTAA directs federal agencies with respect to their use of private sector standards and conformity assessment practices.
The objective is for federal agencies to adopt private sector standards, wherever possible, in lieu of creating proprietary, non-consensus standards. There are three sublanguages currently available:4 Information and Communications Systems: The Backbone of the Health Care Delivery System The preceding chapter describes an array of systems-engineering tools and associated techniques for analyzing, designing, controlling, and improving health care delivery processes and systems.
Since the use of Clinical Information Systems is significantly connected with the quality of the systems in addition to service quality, it is necessary to improve quality of the systems and service quality to promote the use of these systems among physicians and nurses.
The institute runs the Massachusetts health information highway (HIway), the statewide HIE for clinical information among a variety of providers, including doctors’ offices, hospitals, laboratories, pharmacies, skilled nursing facilities, and health plans.
The use of computerized clinical information systems to support hospital operation as well as clinical activities started to flourish in the early s. Besides the significant technological breakthroughs, including the availability of enterprise-level database management systems (DBMS) and health data standards such as ICD and HL7, new .
2. Alert for potential clinical safety and quality problem during the care of the patient and help prevent them.
3. Training and regulate clinician to updated information for the best clinical practice. 4. Improve the cash flow and operating margins. The quality of information that nurses demand and how effectively they evaluate and use it for clinical decision making will influence patient outcomes and, ultimately, the part nurses play in .