Transactions If we want to get something done, we need to focus on an outcome and make sure we emphasise it without making the water muddy with too much unnecessary information. All we want are data. If we want to write a text telling someone how to get to our address, we must make it clear in our writing, probably step by step, and separate it from any interactional content in the letter, email or note. If we want to buy something in a shop, apart from saying please and thank you, we probably do not want to start a social relationship with the shop assistant.
What is communication, however, if it is merely one-sided?
It is, of course, necessary to be able to understand a person speaking to you, but if you cannot respond with a succinct, understandable answer, opinion, comment or question, there is rarely a point to engaging in the interaction to begin with. Whether these interactions are verbal or written, a person unable to share their point-of-view, defend their actions, praise or thank someone will inevitably have a difficult time connecting with people and, in end effect, navigating the world.
Communication takes on many forms and significance, and because successful, clear communication is the ultimate goal in the ESL classroom, writing and speaking skills become the focus. While writing and speaking are considered productive skills as opposed to listening and reading, the receptive language skillsboth require different teaching methodologies and pose different pedagogical difficulties.
Speaking is the means through which a good ESL classroom will run and is most often the focus of students trying to learn the language. Speaking commands a certain level of fluency, which can only be acquired through regular practice.
A variety of activities will not only keep a class active and interesting, but will also inevitably provide students with a wide-range of circumstances in which English must be used in different ways. A guided activity might include a role-play complete with relevant vocabulary and appropriate phrases needed to enact a scene.
This allows students to experiment with the language, while simultaneously ensuring them that they are on the right track, producing understandable, applicable language.
Finally a creative activity allows students to choose freely from all the English they already know to produce something more likely to mirror a real-life situation.
This type of activity could be anything from a debate, some sort of communication game like Taboo, or a discussion.
Writing, as important as it is, suffers in both the depth of concentration a teacher allots to it in the classroom, and the quality produced by the students as a result. It is important to encourage students to write as much as possible.
Of course, depending on the size of a class, this can be a daunting task, but having students self- or peer-correct can take the pressure off of a teacher, while still guaranteeing students ample practice with the written word.
Although writing and reading differ with regard to their vocabulary, grammar and punctuation applications, it is possible and necessary to incorporate a variety of these skills into every lesson.Speaking is one of the four Macro Skills.
More specifically, it is one of the two Productive Skills – the other being writing. However, unlike in writing, time-constraints are a defining feature of speaking – you have very little time to process and decode the incoming .
Productive Skills: Speaking and writing are productive skills. The students possessing efficient productive skills are able to produce something. Their product can be an essay, a book, a research paper or a speech.5/5(10).
Teaching productive skills – speaking and writing (including games) of integrated skills in the classroom, and also examined receptive skills in more detail. Now we take a look at the productive skills: speaking and writing.
|Teaching of Productive Skills (Writing & Speaking) |||Learning to speak a foreign language is much more complex than knowing its grammatical and semantic rules. It involves both command of certain skills and several different types of knowledge.|
|by Anthony Ash||You can also use them as a 'barometer' to check how much your students have learned. Teaching speaking is vital unless someone is learning English purely for academic reasons and does not intend to communicate in English, which is quite rare.|
|ELT Concourse Teaching Knowledge Test Course Module 1: productive language skills||Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues.|
While speaking and writing are substantially different in many • Work out how long the activity will take and. TEACHING PRODUCTIVE SKILLS – Speaking Posted at h in Skills by Roseli Serra 0 Comments Communication between humans is an extremely complex and ever-changing phenomenon, but there are certain generalisations that we can make about the majority of communicative events and these will have particular relevance for the learning and teaching.
ESL Study Material. STUDY. PLAY. LEP. listening, reading, speaking, writing. Productive skills. speaking and writing. Silent skills. listening and reading. Language and culture. language patterns and use a re different in different cultures, native language proficiency contributes to .
Speaking and writing are called productive skills because they involve language production. They are also known as active skills. If a student or a learner comes to a language teacher means he/she has a clear goal to be excellent in productive skills.