Print this page Changing population Britain and the British have changed profoundly since A principal driver of change has been a major growth in population, matched by rapidly rising expectations about lifestyle. Demands for mobility cars and space houses have ensured the transfer of land from agriculture and natural landscape to roads and housing, with multiple consequences for the environment and for the human experience.
After the war had ended the British electorate had a shift in attitude and in an effort to secure a better and brighter future the people voted for a Labour government in the elections in a spirit of optimism and hope for change.
The government introduced and developed major social policies formed on the basis of the Beveridge Report December which was created by the economist, Sir William Beveridge The report — initially named the Report of the Inter-Departmental Committee on Social Insurance and Allied Services — recommended a social insurance scheme based on contributory principles.
This essay will examine how the measures adopted by the Labour governments of to dealt with these five social problems and to what extent they eliminated them.
Many families were cast into abject poverty before the end of the war due to high levels of unemployment and as a result of this, the economist John Maynard Keynes said employment should be a high priority of the government. It meant that people would receive benefits during times of earnings interruption after having made contributions from their salaries before they became sick or unemployed.
This was therefore an How far did the post 1945 for people to secure employment so that they could pay a weekly flat rate contribution which would allow them to receive insurance if they were out of work.
Labour had a commitment to the principle of universalism in service provision and they wanted a future substantially free of the selectivism of the Conservatives. Their principle of universality was the only way to ensure that the best quality services could be made available to all who needed them.
Keynes stated that this was a new approach to economic policy and that the more people that were employed, the more National Insurance contributions would be received providing more money to pay for other things. As the system was based on contribution it could not be presented as an unearned handout.
The government also wanted to safeguard the interests of citizens who were not covered by National Insurance and in the National Assistance Act was passed to help people whose resources were insufficient to meet their needs.
The welfare state did, therefore, eliminate poverty to a certain extent as the creation of an insurance scheme for workers provided them with a financial safety net. Following the ideas of Keynes, the government took over industries such as iron and steel manufacture so that they could keep the industry afloat using money derived from National Insurance in times of economic crisis.
In the Education Act Butler Act was passed by the war-time coalition government although it was actually put into practice in by the Labour government. The changes enforced by the Butler Act included raising the school leaving age from 14 to 15, introducing a tripartite system, the abolition of fees for secondary education and the provision of free milk which improved the health of school children.
Again, the government followed their principle of universality, insisting that every child was equal by introducing three types of secondary schools: The idea was that the grammar schools were for academic pupils, whereas secondary moderns were designed for non-academic pupils and technical schools for pupils with manual skills.
Each child would be able to excel at what they did best, whilst the government gave them equal opportunities. More money was spent on them than the secondary moderns, which were very few and insufficiently funded.
The aims of the act were unsuccessful in that there was no increase in places at grammar schools to accommodate working class children who may have been sufficiently academic to attend them. In addition, private schools still remained; contradicting the Butler Act — R. The National Health System, created by the Labour government inwas a free health scheme funded by taxation.
Aneurin Bevan, Health and Housing Minister, set up and shaped the NHS marking a radical change from the medical services available before the war, which saw the poor receiving second class medical care from panel doctors and the rich benefitting from superior private services. Bevan wanted central control of the NHS hospitals with 14 regional health boards; he said that the only way to run a national service with universal standards was to run it from the centre of the country.
However, Herbert Morrison a fellow Labour party member argued that the health services should be locally administered as it would provide local authorities with schools of political education.
Bevan disagreed as he feared that rich areas would develop better services leaving poorer areas to receive inferior ones. In Decemberit was clear that the government had over budgeted and overestimated the supply and demand resulting in cuts from? However there were problems with the NHS system.
One of these being that private practices still flourished which meant a hierarchy in healthcare for British citizens remained in place.Britain had millions of men and women in uniform in , scattered over Europe, the far east, and elsewhere.
The welfare state. and it was only the vagaries of the first past the post. The end of World War II in Asia occurred on 14 and 15 August , – Soviet Union agrees to invade Japan "after the defeat of Germany" – commence stockpiling resources in . search for "text" in self post contents self:yes (or self:no) include (or exclude) self posts Princess Elizabeth did her part for the war effort when she served as an ambulance driver for the Auxiliary Territorial Service during World War II.
I'm far more impressed with her mechanical ability than her driving ability. permalink. Civil Rights after Yet, these ideas did not seem to apply to them, particularly if they lived in the Southern states. Video clip about post segregation in the USA. How far did the post welfare state eliminate Beveridge’s ‘five giants?’ From , Britain was governed by a Conservative government led by Neville Chamberlain ().
How and why did women's roles change after ?How and why did women's roles change after ? print Print; was primarily responsible for helping change the roles of women post World War II.