The 10th Sikh Guru Gobind Singh ji Nanak X established the world's first Sikh democratic republic state ending the aristocracy on day of 1st Vasakh and Gurbani as sole constitution of this Sikh republic on the Indian subcontinent. The Kouroukan Fouga divided the Mali Empire into ruling clans lineages that were represented at a great assembly called the Gbara. However, the charter made Mali more similar to a constitutional monarchy than a democratic republic.
Democracy has directly originated from the French democratic, but its real origin is Greek. In Greek there are two words—demos and kratos. The former means people while the latter rule and what we mean by democracy in English is rule of the people. Precisely stated, democracy is the rule by the people.
Of all the definitions of democracy perhaps the best and most popular definition is the following: President Abraham Lincoln is the author of this definition. Lincoln uttered this definition in his Gettysburg Address delivered in The sixties of the nineteenth century witnessed the height of the American Civil War between the Northern and Southern states.
Explanation of the Definition: We have stated only two definitions because all the definitions sketch the same thing so it is not necessary. However, all the definitions have been found to contain the following Elements: People may participate either directly or indirectly.
It is a form of government in which people have equal opportunity and this type of government is based on individual merit and no place of hereditary privilege is to be found in democracy.
Distribution of opportunities is adopted for reduction or removal of inequalities. Democracy recognises that all the sections of the community will receive their due shares.
Interests of the minorities will be duly protected and state makes arrangements for that. All the public offices and opportunities are opened to everyone and to fill the posts public examinations are held.
There is also open competition on in which every eligible citizen has the right to participate. It is a system of government which does not make any discrimination on the basis of caste, religion, sex, birth etc. In democracy all must have the scope to govern or to be a member of government.
Rulers are to be accountable to the ruled and forms of accountability are many. Rules are to be chosen by the ruled. People shall have the right to decide who would rule them.
Who are the People? The most important element of democracy is self-rule, equally distributed among the people. The term self-rule may be interpreted as political power.
The term equally distributed means as evenly as possible.
It is impossible that in a democracy all will have equal power. There may be variation in the distribution of power. For example, the members of the government enjoy more powers. Nevertheless, the most important part of the definition is people. Who are the people? The meanings of the two terms of the people and for the people are clear.
The members of the government must come from the general public that is people. The functions of the government must aim at the general welfare or upliftment of the people.American Democracy Essay Democracy is a political arrangement that, at its most basic, demands that there be collective decision making and equality in the mechanisms of coalition building and deliberation (Christiano, p.1, ).
Democracy may be a word familiar to most, but it is a concept still misunderstood and misused. Freedom and democracy are often used to mean the same thing, but they are not the same. People in democracy have many rights. - The term democracy comes from the Greek language and means "rule by the people."(Democracy Building ) The democracy in Athens represents the events leading up to modern day democracies.
Like our modern democracy, the Athenian democracy was created as a reaction to a concentration and abuse of power by the . Though democracy is often defined as a form of government, to my mind, it is more reasonable to contemplate it as a process, a constant opportunity by which citizens may bring changes into their social and political .
Definition of democracy Democracy is a term referring to a form of government whereby all citizens are equally eligible in the creation, development and proposal of laws. It is a principle of freedom meant to improve the citizen lives and the cities.
The term "democracy" is sometimes used as and accountability in, international politics. Cosmopolitan Democracy has been promoted, among others, by as fascism, nazism, communism and neo-fundamentalism oppose democracy on different grounds, generally citing that the concept of democracy as a constant process is flawed and.