Dedicated to the military history and civilization of the Eastern Roman Empire to "Time in its irresistible and ceaseless flow carries along on its flood all created things and drowns them in the depths of obscurity. The invading Arabs the Romans faced might have looked much like these soldiers.
Dedicated to the military history and civilization of the Eastern Roman Empire to "Time in its irresistible and ceaseless flow carries along on its flood all created things and drowns them in the depths of obscurity.
The invading Arabs the Romans faced might have looked much like these soldiers. In AD the Roman Byzantine vs islam was enjoying a much deserved period of peace after a brutal 26 year long war of all wars with the Persian Empire. Finally there was peace. No one in Constantinople had any idea that a fresh invasion from the southern deserts would happen in a matter of months.
Muslims defeated the Persians in a series of battles. Firaz was at the outermost edge of the Persian Empire but it still contained an undefeated Persian garrison. There the Persians joined forces with the local Roman garrison and with Christian Arabs to take on the invaders.
They were soundly defeated. The Romans held their own in Syria and had dug in at the Daraa Gap fortifications in eastern Palestine. The Roman army at Daraa has totally blocked the Muslims from moving north. Plus the Muslim column in the Gaza area is not strong enough to make any significant advances north.
The Arabs did not want armed Roman garrisons in their rear ready to attack. The Emperor Heraclius was a battle tested front line general who had personally marched into Persia crushing their empire.
He had also traveled over and knew the geography of Syria and Palestine. He organized the defense of Damascus and the Roman troops dug in at the Daraa Gap fortifications east of the Sea of Galilee. The Emperor now gathered a second large army to drive the Muslims out of Roman territory.
The question is why did he not personally command the army in his counter attack against the Muslims? The Health of Heraclius It was said that health was the reason Heraclius did not command troops against the Muslims.
Even if he had been ten years younger he would have been challenged to hold things together. To command armies in the field at this age with all the rigors involved is nearly unheard of in military history. Consider that Napoleon was just 46 years old when he failed at Waterloo.
The Emperor may have been intermittently unable to function efficiently while at other moments he could handle decision making very capably. He appears to have suffered from "dropsy" and mental problems.
At the end of the Middle East campaign we see the mental issues come forward. He left Syria, returning to his capital, tired and exhausted. Reaching the Bosphorus, he suddenly had an inexplicable aversion to the sea. He became paranoid, believed rumors about a conspiracy by his nephew and a bastard son, and ordered their noses and hands to be cut off before sending them into exile.
After a few weeks, his wife Martina and members of the court found a solution.The Byzantine empire‘s interaction with Islamic culture had a profound effect on its art.
Islam’s rise and military success were the greatest threat to the stability of the empire and its territories. Mirroring the political climate, art became a medium of confrontation and cooperation between. The Byzantine Empire trade was one of the biggest economic foundations, and they also were avid traders on the Silk Road, which brought much cultural diffusion and was a .
The Byzantine Empire was an absolute monarchy having a secular absolute ruler, while the Islamic Empire was a Caliphate, which was an aristocratic-constitutional Republic. There were many similarities between the rising of the Islamic and Byzantine Empires.
The Differences & Similarities Between the Byzantine & Islamic Empires In every meaningful way, the Byzantine Empire and the Islamic Empire were fundamentally different.
On the most surface level, there is the obvious distinction between the dominant religions of the two groups. There were many differences and similarities between the rise of the Islamic and Byzantine Empires. Both of these empires rise to power was greatly influenced by military force.
The Byzantine Empire had both a strong navy and military, while the Islamic Empire had the Rashidun Army. Another key similarity in the rising of the two [ ]. The Byzantine Empire, the evolution and constant reshaping of the Byzantine state were directly related to the respective progress of Islam.
Following the conquest of Constantinople by the Ottoman Turks in , Sultan .