History Origin Cricket is believed to have begun possibly as early as the 13th century as a game in which country boys bowled at a tree stump or at the hurdle gate into a sheep pen.
Its earliest origins may be from Persia, Egypt or China, while archaeological evidence shows an early ball-and-stick game played in Greece in the s BCE.
As civilization spread, so did the games. And eventually, as the civilized world went north, ball-and-stick moved onto the ice. When the Europeans made their way across the Atlantic to North America, they discovered Native Americans had their own games, the forerunners of lacrosse, and some Native Americans in South Dakota essentially played lacrosse on ice.
The modern idea of field hockey sprouted out of these traditions, and the modern sport of ice hockey was relegated primarily to small towns, and in no organized setting, until the late s. The skates, which were patented by a Nova Scotia company infeatured rounded blades held onto boots by metal clamps the first time that had ever been done and not too different from modern skates.
After introducing the game to his friends, Creighton, inorganized a group of players to practice the sport indoors at the Victoria Skating Rink. The sport had never taken hold indoors, forced outdoors by the societal belief that ice hockey only belonged on ponds, due in large part to the danger of a ball flying around inside.
Creighton solved the problem by creating a "flat, circular piece of wood," the first hockey puck. After practicing for about a month, Creighton staged a public exhibition of the sport on March 3, While some praised the new sport, others decried the violence in the game. McGill University at which James Creighton studied law established the first university hockey team inand the s saw an explosion of teams.
The first hockey leagues formed in the mids, while the Amateur Hockey Association of Canada AHACwhich began inwas the first national hockey organization. Stanley was taken with the game, and helped to form a team, the Rideau Rebels and a league, the Ontario Hockey Association which formed in Two years after the formation of the OHA, Stanley created the concept of a regional competition and gave a cup to be awarded to the victor, the Dominion Challenge Trophy.
Init was decided the cup would never become the property of any team and was renamed the Stanley Hockey Championship Cup.
While the cup, about the size of an association football, has undergone several cosmetic changes over the years, the Stanley Cup is still awarded to the champion of the National Hockey League today.
The Manitoba Hockey Association was formed inand first competed for the Stanley Cup four years later. The Cup continued to be awarded, year after year, to teams mainly from Montreal, the hockey capital of the world. However, the Halifax team had come west with the practice of putting up fishing nets on the back of the metal posts that served as goals.
The tradition stayed, and the first goal nets were born. While the amateur athletic clubs who played organized hockey were made up of upper class men, hockey leagues and teams formed among both the middle and lower classes, often by banks or mining companies for example.
Women also played early organized hockey, forming their own leagues by the turn of the century.
Early hockey, however, was also plagued by excessive violence. In two cases, one in and another inhockey players were put on trial after blows that killed other hockey players.
Both times the players were found innocent, but the press and many in the country including the juries called on legislation to be enacted that would curb the violence. However, despite all the money coming from the sport, almost none was going to the players.
The leagues in Canada and the U. That all changed in Jack Gibson, born in Ontario in and a hockey star there, moved to Michigan to study dentistry in Detroit shortly after the turn of the century. After setting up a practice in Houghton, Michigan, Gibson formed the Portage Lake hockey team in The Portage Lake squad was exceptionally good, beating most opponents over the next two years.
This was helped by the fact that Gibson had been recruiting Canadian stars to come play for the team, offering to pay them.
The success of the two game series - called the World Championship - led Dee and Gibson to form the International Hockey League, the first professional hockey league. Marie, Michigan and Sault Ste. As the league experienced early success, players from Canada swarmed over the border, drawn by the prospect of being paid to play hockey.Jun - An Investigation of the Effects of Frontal Plane Glenohumeral Joint Angle, Scapular Mobility and Lower-Back Orientation of the Horizontal Bench Press on Electromyographic Activity of .
Cricket: Cricket, England’s national summer sport, which is now played throughout the world, particularly in Australia, India, Pakistan, the West Indies, and the British Isles.
Cricket is played with a bat and ball and involves two competing sides (teams) of 11 players. The field is oval with a rectangular. The Origins Of Hockey: An Introduction One of the first questions asked by visitors to The Hockey Museum (THM) or one of our exhibitions is, "How old is hockey?" The question is nigh impossible to answer and it would depend on what is meant by "hockey".
The organised game that we might recognise today undoubtedly started in the s.
Introduction: My name is Brendan and I am here to inform you about the sport of Ice Hockey. Did you know that it’s one of the fastest sports on earth?
It is one of the most overlooked sports in the United States and I am here today tell you all about the origins of the sport, the basic rules. Hockey and its Origins The roots of hockey are buried deep in antiquity.
Historical records show that a crude form of the game was played in Egypt 4, years ago and in Ethiopia around 1,BC, whilst an ancient form of the game was also played in Iran in around 2,BC. But actually the origins of field hockey (or hockey as we will refer to it) are so interesting they merit an introduction.
While there are no women involved—from what I can tell there is no mention of women playing in most of the sport’s history as it was considered too rough for them— it’s a fascinating story nonetheless.